Computer Organization Syllabus - BIM (TU)

  • Short Name N/A
  • Course code IT 217
  • Semester Third Semester
  • Full Marks 100
  • Pass Marks 45
  • Credit Hrs 3
  • Elective/Compulsary Compulsary

Computer Organization

Chapter wise complete Notes.

Course Description

Course Objective:

This module aims to provide knowledge to understand the architecture of hardware components used in organization and design of digital computers and also design procedures of digital computers. Laboratory work is essential in this module.

Course Description:

Digital components used in the organization and design of digital computers, detailed steps that a designer must go through in order to design an elementary basic computer, the organization and architecture of CPU, I/O and Memory, Pipelining and Vector Processing, Concept of Multiprocessing.

Unit Contents

Course Details

  1. Data Representation LH 3
    • Data Types
    • Complements
    • Fixed Point Representation
    • Floating Point Representation
    • End of Chapter 1 Assignment:
      • Computer Program: Write program to visualize the representation of complement numbers, integers, floating point numbers and character data, overflow detection while adding binary

2.           Register Transfer and Microoperations                        LH 3

  • Register and Register Transfer Language
  • Bus and Memory Transfers
  • Arithmetic, Logic and Shift Micro-operations
  • Arithmetic Logic Shift Unit

3.           Basic Computer Organization and Design                     LH 7

  • Instruction Codes
  • Computer Registers
  • Computer Instructions
  • Timing and Control
  • Instruction Cycle
  • Input Output and Interrupt
  • End of Chapter 2 and 3 Assignment:
    • Circuit Design: Design of Basic Computer

4.           Programming the Basic Computer                               LH 5

  • Introduction
  • Machine Language
  • Assembly Language
  • The Assembler
  • Program Loops
  • Programming Arithmetic and Logic Operations
  • Subroutin
  • Input Output Programming
  • End of Chapter 3 and 4 Assignment:
    • Computer Program: Develop assembler which can execute the program written for Basic

5.           Microprogrammed Control                                         LH 3

  • Control Memory
  • Address Sequencing
  • Microprogram Example
    • Computer Configuration
    • Microinstruction Format

6.           Central Processing Unit                                                 LH 4

  • CPU Organizations
  • Instruction Formats
  • Addressing Modes
  • RISC and CISC Characteristics
  • End of Chapter 5 and 6 Assignment:
    • Computer Program: Write program to illustrate the use of different addressing


7.           Pipeline and Vector Processing                                LH 6

  • Parallel Processing, Flynn’s Classification of Computers
  • Pipelining
  • Arithmetic Pipeline
  • Instruction Pipeline
  • Pipeline Hazards and Their Solution
  • Array and Vector Processing
  • End of Chapter 7 Assignment:
    • Case Study: Available array and vector processor; their application domain
    • Computer Program: write program which simulates instruction pipeline and arithmetic pipeline. Program generates space time diagram considering pipeline

8.           Computer Arithmetic                                               LH 4

  • Addition and Subtraction of Signed Magnitude Data
  • Addition and Subtraction of Signed 2’s Complement Data
  • Multiplication of Signed Magnitude Data
  • Multiplication of Signed 2’s Complement Data
  • End of Chapter 8 Assignment:
    • Computer Program: Implement all algorithms learned in this

9.           Input and Output Organization                               LH 5

  • Peripheral Devices
  • I/O Interface
  • Asynchronous Data Transfer
  • Modes of Transfer
  • Priority Interrupt
  • Direct Memory Access
  • I/O Processor
  • End of chapter 9 Assignment:
    • Case Study: Device Independence I/O Software; USB (universal serial bus)

10.        Memory Organization                                            LH 4

  • Memory Hierarchy
  • Main Memory
  • Associative Memory
  • Cache Memory
  • Virtual Memory
  • Memory Management Hardware
  • End of Chapter 10 Assignment:
    • Computer Program: write program to visualize the advantage of using memory
  1. Multiprocessor LH 4
    • Characteristics of Multiprocessor
    • Interconnection Structures
    • Inter Processor Arbitration
    • Inter Processor Communication and Synchronization
    • Cache Coherence
    • End of chapter 11 Assignment:
      • Case Study: ARM multicore processors and Intel multicore processors
      • Computer Program: Simulate cache coherence problem and simulate solution

Course Book

  • Morris Mano, “Computer System Architecture”, 3rd edition, Pearson Education Asia

Text and Reference Books


  • Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Structured Computer Organization”,4th edition, Prentice Hall Inc
  • David A Patterson and John Hennesy, “Computer Organization and design
  • Sajjan Shiva, “Computer Design And Architecture”, 3rd edition, Marcel Dekker Inc
  • Daniel Page, A Practical Introduction to Computer Architecture”, Springer