Structured Programming Syllabus - BIM (TU)

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Course Description

Module Objectives

This module aims to introduce students to the discipline of computing with a focus on good program design, programming styles, and structured program development using a high-level programming language. The students shall also be introduced to the basic concepts in procedural abstraction, structured programming and top-down design with stepwise refinement. Laboratory work is essential in this module.


Introduction to the C Language, Data Types and Variables, Input/Output Management, Expressions and operators, Selection statements, Loops, Arrays, Modular Programming with Functions, Pointers and Strings, Structures and Dynamic Memory Allocation, The Preprocessor, and File Input/Output

Unit Contents

Detailed Course

Introduction to the C Language                                                                    [3hrs]

  • The C Language and its Advantages
  • The Structure of a C Program, Writing C Programs, Debugging a C Program
  • Examining and Running a C Application Program

Data Types and Variables                                                                  [3hrs]

  • Data Types (integer, floating, character, type conversion, type definitions, sizeof operator)

Input/Output Management                                                              [3hrs]

  • Input/Output Management: printf(), scanf()
  • Conversion specifiers
  • Escape sequences

Expressions and operators                                                                [5hrs]

  • Arithmetic operators: operator precedence and associativity
  • Assignment operators
  • Increment and decrement operators
  • Expression evaluation
  • Expression statements
  • Relational operator, logical operator, arithmetic assignment,

Selection statements                                                                         [4hrs]

  • Logical expressions
  • If statement
  • Switch statement

Loops                                                                                                  [4hrs]

  • While
  • .while
  • For
  • Exiting from a loop (break, continue, goto)

Arrays                                                                                                 [3hrs]

  • One-dimensional array
  • Multidimensional array

Modular Programming with Functions                                                        [4hrs]

  • Defining and calling functions
  • Function declarations
  • Arguments
  • Return statement
  • Program termination (exit function)

Pointers and Strings                                                                          [4hrs]

  • Pointer variables
  • The address and indirection operators
  • Pointer assignment
  • Pointer as argument
  • Pointer as return values
  • Pointer Arithmetic
  • Using pointers for array processing
  • String literals, variables
  • Reading and writing strings
  • Using the C string library: strcpy, strlen, strcat, strcmp
  • Arrays of strings


Structures and Dynamic Memory Allocation                                               [4hrs]

  • Structures, Arrays of Structures
  • Passing Structures to Functions
  • Nested Structures
  • Unions
  • enumerations
  • Dynamic Memory Allocation (malloc, calloc, realloc)
  • Deallocating storage
  • Linked list (-> operator, creating, displaying, searching)

The Preprocessor                                                                               [4hrs]

  • How the preprocessor works
  • The C Preprocessor and the #include and #define Directives
  • Macro definitions (simple, parameterized macros), general properties of macros
  • #if and #endif directives
  • The defined operator

File Input/Output                                                                              [4hrs]

  • Streams: file pointers, standard streams and redirection, text files versus binary files
  • File operations: opening a file, modes, closing a file, attaching a file to an open stream, obtaining file names from the command line
  • File Input and Output, reading/writing data, structure to files, random access


Text and Reference Books

Text Book:

  1. N. King, K.N. King, C Programming: A Modern Approach, W W Norton & Co Inc (February 1996)

Brian W. Kernighan, Dennis M. Ritchie ,C Programming Language, 2nd Edition Prentice Hall; 2 edition (April 1, 1988)

Reference book:

  • David Griffiths, Dawn Griffiths, Head First C, O'Reilly Media; 1 edition (April 19, 2012)
  • Clovis L. Tondo (Author), Scott E. Gimpel (Author), “The C Answer Book: Solutions to the Exercises in 'The C Programming Language,' Second Edition”, Prentice Hall; 2nd edition (November 11, 1988)
  • Peter van der Linden, Expert C Programming: Deep C Secrets, Prentice Hall; 1st edition (June 24, 1994)
Download Syllabus
  • Short Name N/A
  • Course code IT 213
  • Semester Second Semester
  • Full Marks 100
  • Pass Marks 45
  • Credit 3 hrs
  • Elective/Compulsary Compulsary