Concept of Organization Behavior

Organization - A consciously coordinated social unit, composed of two or more people that functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals.

Behavior - It includes anything a person or animal does that can be observed in some way. Behavior unlike minds or thoughts or feelings, can be observed, recorded and studied.

Organizational Behavior (OB) - It is the  study of how people behave in and around an organization and how their behavior affects organizational performance. It is concerned with human behavior at work.

It focuses on the behavior of individuals and groups in organizational settings. It is concerned with understanding, predicting, influencing and managing human behavior in organizations for improving organizational effectiveness.

According to Stephen P. Robbins and others, “OB is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups and structures have on behavior within organization for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organization’s effectiveness.”

Significance of Organization Behavior

OB is concerned with understanding, applying and controlling of behavioral and structural knowledge of an organization for organization’s effectiveness.

Management function includes planning, organizing, leading and controlling where people are involved in different roles (interpersonal roles, informational roles and decisional roles) and different capacities.

Therefore, for an organization to succeed it is very important for it to understand its organization’s culture, people by way of understanding their perception, attitudes, motivation, personality, key personality characteristics relevant to workplace, learning, job satisfaction, etc. through theories of motivation, learning and reinforcement.

And their dissatisfaction to satisfaction, motivate them to achieve desired results, provide them appropriate work culture, growth opportunities, punish their inappropriate behavior, and infusing learning environment and leadership.