Learning is a process, which brings relatively permanent change in the behavior of a learner through experience and practice. It is a relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience. Learning is not always permanent.
Learning occupies a very important place in our life. The term learning broadly speaking stand for all those change and modification in the behavior of the individual which he/she undergoes from birth to death.
According to Kingsley (1957) "Learning is the process by which behavior is originated or change through practice or training."
According to Crow and Crow (1973) "Learning is the acquisition of habits, knowledge and attitudes it involves new way of doing things and it operate on an individual attempt to over come or to adjust to be situation.”
Nature of Learning
- Learning is a life long process, not the product.
- Learning is universal and continuous.
- It involves all those experience and training of an individual.
- Learning prepares an individual for the necessary of adjustment and adaptation.
- All learning is purposeful and goal oriented.
- The scope of learning is too wide.
- Learning is transforming from one situation to another situation.
- Learning help in the realization of importance of the human life.
Forms of Learning
Learning as a process of bringing relatively permanent change in the behavior of organisms may be classified the number of categories depending up on the specific areas of the behavior.
a) Verbal Learning:
Learning of this type help in the acquisition of verbal behavior. The languages we speak, the communication device we use are the result of such learning. Sign, picture, symbol, words, figures, sound, voice etc. are employed by the individual as an essential instrument for engaging in the process of verbal learning.
b) Motor Learning
The learning of all types of Moto. Skills may include in such type of learning. Learning, how to swim, riding a horse, driving a car, playing the piano etc. are the example of Moto learning.
c) Concept Learning
A concept in the forms of a mental image denotes a generalized idea about t he things, person or event such as education, poverty, tree, building etc.
d) Problem Solving Learning
In the ladder of learning of behavior, problem solving denotes a higher type of learning. Such type of learning required the use of the cognitive abilities such as thinking, reasoning, and generalization.
e) Social Learning (Social Learning the simple to complex)
Social learning consists of such learning in which the learner is presented with each type of learning material that exhibits some serial or social order.
f) Paired Associated Learning
In this learning, learning tasks are presented in such a way that they may be learning an account of their association for example: Dog - animal.