The term “motivation” is developed from the English word “motive” which is itself derived from the Latin word “movere”. Movere means to move .Motive may be defined as needs, wants, drives or impulses within an individual.
Motivation may be defined as the process of stimulating or inducing people to take the desired course of action. In other words, motivation means to make an individual act in a desired manner.
According to Koontz and Weihrich; “Motivation is to do those things which satisfy drives and desires and induce the subordinates to act in a desired manner.”
According to Fred Luthans; “Motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological deficiency or need that activates behavior or a drive that is aimed at a goal or incentive.”
According to Ricky Griffen; “Motivation is the set of forces that causes people to behave in certain ways.
Motivation thus, defined as a combination of forces inspiring a person at work to intensify his/her willingness to use his capabilities for the achievement of desired goals. It is an act of inducement. Motivation induces people for higher performances. It reduces employee accidents, turnover and absenteeism.