A constructor in Java is a block of code similar to a method that’s called when an instance of an object is created. Here are the key differences between a constructor and a method:
- A constructor doesn’t have a return type.
- The name of the constructor must be the same as the name of the class.
- Unlike methods, constructors are not considered members of a class.
- A constructor is called automatically when a new instance of an object is created.
All classes have constructors, whether you define one or not, because Java automatically provides a default constructor that initializes all member variables to zero. However, once you define your own constructor, the default constructor is no longer used.
Following is the syntax of a constructor –
The default constructor is a constructor that is automatically generated in the absence of explicit constructors (i.e. no user defined constructor). The automatically provided constructor is called sometimes a nullary constructor.
Constructor with no Arguments
The constructor which has parameters or arguments is known as parameterized constructor. In this type of constructor, we should supply/pass arguments while defining the object of a class. The values of arguments are assigned to data members of the class.