Function of Operation Management – OM

It is a known fact that operation management is major component of organization that concerns with creation of utility in raw materials through conversion process. As an integral part of management the major functions of operation management are enlisted below:

  1. Organizing
  2. Behaviour 
  3. Planning
  4. Controlling
  5. Model

Function of Operation Management by bench Partner

1. Planning

Planning involves the design of the conversion system and its timing. Refers to former strategic planning and later refers to operational planning.

Planning conversion system includes:

  • Operation strategies (long run strategies)
  • Forecasting
  • Product planning
  • Process choice
  • Capacity planning
  • Location planning
  • Layout planning

Scheduling conversion system includes

  • Scheduling system and aggregate planning¬†
  • Operation scheduling

2. Organising

Organising for conversion process include establishment of responsibility and authority to accomplish the production goal. For this operation managers establish a structure of roles and flow of the information within the operation subsystem. Organising includes activities like;

  • Job design
  • Production/operation standards
  • Work Measurement
  • Project Management

3. Controlling

Controlling includes measuring the actual performance in accordance with planned performance in order to determine present status and future course action. Controlling cost, quality and schedule is very important function of production management. Controlling includes activities like:

  • Material control
    • Inventory control
    • Material requirements planning
  • Managing for world class competitions
    • ¬†Japanese manufacturing system
    • Managing for quality
    • Quality control and analysis

4. Behaviour

Operations manager needs to understand the human behavioural aspects before planning, organizing and controlling. People in their work environment are extremely complex. Their behaviour is affected by leadership, motivation, communication, inter- intra personal relationship and finally by their attitude.

5. Model

As the operation manager plan, organise and control the conversion process, they encounter many problems and must make many decisions. Models are used to simplify these difficulties. Types of model depend on the type of problem and affecting variables. For example Assignment Technique is used for Transportation Technique is used for minimisation of transportation assigning resources to activities; however Transportation Technique is used for ministration of transportation costs.

From the understanding of this general model production management can be defined as “PM is the process of planning, organizing and controlling the production function, using the concern of behavioral sciences and mathematical models in order to produce the desired output via conversion of input.”

From the understanding of this general and detailed model, Production management can be now defined as “the process of planning, organizing and controlling the production function, using the concern of behavioral sciences and mathematical models in order to produce the desired output via conversion of input.”

About Bench Partner 62 Articles
Bench Partner at benchpartner.com are members who love to write about the blog and also share knowledge with other people.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*