1. Macroeconomic stability is influenced by both internal and external factors.  Along globalization, economic growth, inflation, and trade like macroeconomic variables get influenced by external happenings and incidences. In the context of globalization, external sector has been posing numerous challenges against maintaining macroeconomic stability.
  2. Agriculture sector has occupied one third share in GDP. Fluctuations in agriculture GDP has been affecting overall economic growth rate. In the context of Nepal's vulnerability of agricultural production on favorable/unfavorable climatic conditions, achieving higher growth rate through sustainable development of this sector has been a 17 persistent challenge. Likewise, non-agriculture sector has also been affected as a result of failure to expand domestic and foreign investments to desirable extent owing to factors like political instability, labor problem, energy crisis, weak infrastructure and failure to achieve desired progress in investment environment. Hence, it has been a daunting task to improve investment environment and achieve higher economic growth rate by bringing ever extending political crisis to an end.
  3. High and sustainable economic growth is a must criterion for Nepal to graduate from a least developed country to developing country by 2022.  It is difficult for the country to graduate to the status of developing country unless it achieves a consistent annual economic growth rate of 7-8 percent. Amidst country’s average economic growth rate of just 4.1 percent in last five years, achieving the target with the attainment of higher economic growth by boosting investment remains a challenge.