Here we talk about the Nature or Features of Management. The nature or features of principle of management are given below.
Nature or Features of Management Principles
- Cause and Effect Relationship
- Equal Importance
- Human Aspect
The principles of management are universal because they are general guidelines for management in practice. Thus, they are applicable universally to all types of organization,
for example government service, business organization, hospitals, educational institution. Therefore. managers of various organizations apply principles of management at various levels and achieve the organizational goals etc. The basic task of every manager is to coordinate the human efforts to achieve the determined goals.
Management is a social science and its principles are flexible in nature. Thus, they are flexible and cannot be applied in all situations in the same way. They can be modified to suit the demands of the particular organization.
According to Henry Fayol, "Principles of management are flexible and not absolute, but must be utilized in the light of changing and special condition example, the principles of decentralization may not be applicable in small organizations and in large organizations where subordinates are not able and dependable.
(3) Cause and Effect Relationship
The principles of management indicate the cause and effect relationship among various elements. Thus, the principles indicate what will be the consequences of certain decisions.
For example, according to the principle of division of work, specialization is the result . Here work division is the cause and specialization is the s effect.
(4) Equal Importance
All principles of management are equally important. When compared no one principle is more important than the others.
For example one cannot say that centralization is more important than decentralization or vice versa.
(5) Human Aspect
Managers have to deal with human behavior because all work is done by human beings. Thus, principles of management have been designed to influence human behavior so that organizational goal is achieved. Since, human behavior is complex and unpredictable, the expected result may not be possible in all conditions.
For example, division of work is supposed to make tasks easier and improve efficiency. But, employees (workers) may feel bored due to repetitive tasks. As a result their efficiency may decline.