Following are the purposes of Job Analysis:
Purpose and Uses of Job Analysis
1. Job Description:
Job analysis is use in developing job description. A job description is a written statement of what the job holder does, how it is done and how job is done .It accurately portray job contents, environment and conditions of employment.
In other words, job description is a list of job duties, responsibilities, reporting relationship, working conditions and supervisory A common format of job description includes:
- Job title
- Level of the job
- Job location
- Duties and Responsibilities
- Authority and Accountabilities.
2. Job Specification:
Job Analysis is use in developing job specification. A job Specification states the minimum acceptable qualification that the incumbents must have to perform the job It defines the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to do the job effectively. The important information includes in job specification are:
- Education and training
- Physical Health
3. Job Evaluation:
Job Analysis information is crucial (essential) for estimating the value of each job and its appropriate If an organization is to have an equitable compensation program, job that has similar demand in terms of skills, education, and other personal characteristics should be placed in common compensation groups. Thus, job evaluation contributes toward the end by specifying the relative value of each job in the organization.
4. Recruitment and Selection:
Job Analysis provides information about what the job entails and what human characteristics are required to perform these activities. This information in the form of job description and job specification, helps management decide what sort of people to recruit and hire.
5. Performance Appraisal:
A performance appraisal compares each employee’s actual performance with his/her performance standards. Managers use job analysis to determine the job’s specific activities and performance standards.
6. Training and Development:
Job Analysis identifies and suggests individual abilities required for a Therefore training and development needs can be ascertained by job analysis.