What are mitochondria? What is the basic morphology of these organelles and in which cells can they be found?

1 year ago

Mitochondria are the organelles in which the most important part of the cellular respiration occurs: the ATP production.

Mitochondria are organelles delimited by two lipid membranes. The inner membrane invaginates to the interior of the organelle forming cristae that delimitate the internal space known as mitochondrial matrix and where mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), mitochondrial RNA (mt RNA), mitochondrial ribosomes and respiratory enzymes can be found. Mitochondria are numerous in eukaryotic cells and they are even more abundant in those cells that use more energy, like muscle cells. Because they have their own DNA, RNA and ribosomes, mitochondria can self- replicate.


Dipti KC
Apr 7, 2023
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