What is meant by binomial nomenclature and what are its basic rules?

1 year ago

Scientific nomenclature of a species must have, at least, two names: one that classifies it as genus and the other that identifies it as species. The name related to genus is the first and must begin in uppercase, the other following names must be written in lowercase.

Besides this rule, scientific names of species must stand out and be written either in italics or underlined or still bolded or between quotation marks.

For example, the scientific name of the human species is "Homo sapiens", indicating that it belongs to the genus Homo.

Scientific nomenclature of species is important because it universalizes the way to refer to a species making it easier for people of different languages and cultures to understand each other. Same species that have very different names in different regions of the planet can be identified easily by their scientific binomial name.

Dipti KC
May 7, 2023
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