• Nepal is rich in natural resources.
  • It is a source of food supply, energy, medicine and input of industries.

Components of Natural resources:

  1. Forest
  2. Water
  3. Minerals

a. Forest: Total land occupied by forest in Nepal:

  • 37.7% in 1990
  • 27.2% in 2000
  • 25.4% in 2010
  • Continuous decrease in forest seriously threatened the Natural Environment.
  • Source of paper, timber, furniture, medicinal herbs.
  • Habitat of many kind of wild birds and animals.
  • Support agriculture as it causes rainfall.
  • Around 19% of forest in Nepal is covered by National parks, Wild life Reserves, Conservation Area, Hunting area, and Buffer Zones.

b. Water:

  • Nepal is one of the richest country in the water resources.
  • The total length of approx.600 rivers in Nepal is estimated to be 45000 km.
  • High prospects of hydroelectricity.
  • Theoretically 83000MW,Practically 40000MW
  • Total electricity generation 782.45MW at the ending periods of eight months of 2014/2015.

c. Minerals:

  • Iron, copper, mica, limestone, lead, coal, magnisite, natural gas found in Nepal
  • 1% contribution to GDP

Area where minerals were found:

  • Iron ore: Fulchoki, Labdikhola, Jirwant, Those
  • Copper: Bhotekhola, Gyaji, Arkhaule
  • Mica: Bajhang, Chainpur,Doti, Bhojpur, Nuwakot
  • Lime stone: Chovar, Jogimara, Bhaise, Rasuwa
  • Lead: Durlang, Baglung, Rasuwa
  • Coal: Dang, Salyan, Kathmandu, Chitwan
  • Gold: Narayani river