E-learning, also known as online learning or electronic learning, refers to the acquisition of knowledge through the use of electronic technologies and media channels.

In a simpler language, e-learning is defined as “electronically enabled learning” that range from the countless “how to” videos on YouTube to e-learning platforms of universities or entire online study programs and digital masterclasses.

E-learning is the use of electronic media and information and communication technology (ICT) in education. E-learning includes numerous types of media that deliver text, audio, images, animation and streaming video, and includes technology applications and processes such as audio or video tape, satellite TV, CD-ROM and computer-based learning and, as well as local intranet/extranet and web-based learning. 

E-learning system is defined as an entire technological management system that facilitates learning and teaching for students and learners through electronic form such as internet, CDs and DVDs, TVs etc.

The main concept of the E-learning is that which acts as the student centered learning area. E-learning forms an essential way of teaching and learning to improve skills and knowledge.

Advantages of E-learning

1. Saves time and money

One of the most obvious advantages of e-learning is that you can save time and money. You can manage your schedule and take online courses at your most convenient time, whether early in the morning, late afternoon, or evening. You save money, too, because you don’t have to pay for transportation or worry about eating on the go.

2. Better retention

E-learning makes use of different platforms like Pedagogue, which provides interactive content. Also, you can share your thoughts and opinions with others. The more engaging the lessons, the more students can remember the information.

3. Personalized learning

You can choose your learning path and study at your own pace. You become more motivated and invested in the course.

4. Cost-effective

Students aren’t the only ones that can save money in e-learning. Many educational institutions save money through this set-up because there’s no need to use a physical classroom, which translates to reduced monetary spending.

5. Environment-friendly

E-learning is also more environmentally friendly because it doesn’t contribute to the pollution brought about by paper production.

Disadvantages of E-learning

1. Lacks social interaction

E-learning is one of the causes of social isolation because you don’t see your teachers and classmates face-to-face anymore. Interaction is very limited to none.

2. Inaccessible to others

Consider yourself lucky if you’re located in an area where the internet connection is fast and stable. Unfortunately, some have very limited access to the internet. They have to go to internet cafes or use public Wi-Fis which is very inconvenient.

3. Cheating is unavoidable

E-learning includes assessment, just like in a regular classroom setting. However, there are no teachers or proctors to watch over you during exams. It’s easy for online students to share answers knowing there’s nobody watching.

4. Requires self-motivation and proper time management skills

You’re basically on your own in e-learning. You have to motivate yourself to study hard, take down notes, and gather more information. You should also manage your time well by learning how to juggle studying while doing other things like household chores or earning money part-time.

5. Focuses more on theory 

You’ll spend most of your time listening to podcasts, watching videos, and looking at slide presentations. There’s no hand-on experience like conducting experiments.